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VALiABHjCCHjCBYA*3 CABEER.                                         283
occupying three sides of a quadrangle with an arched gateway of carded
stone on the fourth side facing the street. The cost -was Bs. 2,440,, the whole
of which sum was raised by local subscription save only Bs. 50Q: which were
allotted from the baiance of tie Government cess. A Sanskrit class has since
been started, &nd S3 many wealthy pilgrims visit Gokni, who wozdd be glad to
spend their money oa local institutions, if tbere were only some one to call their
attention to them, that the school might easily be maintained as one of the
largest and highest ia the district.
The great heresiarch, TailabMcMrya, from whom Groknl derives all its
modem celebrity, was bora in the year 1479 A. B., being the second son of
Lakshman Bhatt, a Teliaga Brahman of the "Vishnn, Swami Sampradaya. By
the accident of birth, thcugh not by ciescentj lie can be claimed as a native of
Upper India, having been born at Champaranya, a wild solitude In the Belgh-
boarhood of Banaras, thither his parents had travelled up from the south on
a pilgrimage. Their stay la the holy city was cut short by a popular aneiefc,
the result of religions Intolerance ; and the mother, who was little In a condition
to encounter the distress and fatigue of so hasty a flight, prematurely gave birth
on the way to as eight months1 child* Either from an exaggerated alarm ass
to their own perilj or, as was afterwards said? from a sublime confidence ia the
promised protection of Heaven, they laid the babe under a tree and abandoned
it to its fate. When some days had elapsed, and their fears had subsided, they
cautiously retraced their steps3 and finding the child still alive and uninjured
on the very spot where he had been left? they took him with them to Banaras.
After a very short stay tlierej they feed their home at Gokul, where the chid
was placed under the tuition of the Pandit Naf&jan Bhatt, and In four months
mastered the whole vast range of Sanskrit literature and philosophy. His fol-
lowers, It may be remarked, are conscientious Imitators of their founder In
respect of the short time which they devote to their studies ; but the result in
their case is more In accordance with ordinary experience, and their scholarship
of the very slightest. When eleven years of age^ he lost Ms father^ and almost
immediately afterwards commenced his career as a religions teacher. His ear-
liest triumphs -were achieved Ia Southern Indks where he secured his first con-
vert, Bamodar Das; and In a pubUe disputation at Vijaynagar, the pkce where
Ms mother's family resided^ he refated the arguments of the Court Pandits
•with such authority that- even the King, Krishna DeYa, was convinced by his
eloquence and adopted the youthful stranger as his spiritual guide. Thence-
forth Ms success was ensured; and at every place that he visited, Djaijin,
Baaaras2 Haridwar^ aad AiWiatmd, the new doctrines enlisted a mnititade of